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Up to 9 weeks gestation effectiveness is 98% for the combined regime and between 75% and 90% for misoprostol alone[7–9]. Medical abortion refers to the use of a drug or a combination of drugs to terminate pregnancy.

  • As information on MA becomes more widespread and women gain more experience they make better use of misoprostol.
  • That women writers, in particular, would be the ones to traverse the more shadowy corners of current Latin American fiction is perhaps no surprise, as a groundswell of frustration against restrictions on women’s rights and rising gender violence gathers force.
  • Few of the women who obtain the medication outside clinical settings can specify the name of the medication they used for pregnancy termination and cannot precise if they were antibiotics, analgesics or tranquilizers.
  • It is frequently used in police blotters, dispatches, reports, and medical or physiological documents to encompass girls and women.
  • She also completed a Diploma in Project Management for Cooperation (FLACSO-OEI) and specializations in Communication, Extension and Science Education.

The social activism of the 20th century fueled the production of theories that form the tradition of Latin American feminist philosophy as well as its place in the academy. However, the study of Latin American feminist philosophy remains scarce and derelict . The existence of Latin American feminist philosophers has been largely denied, and the specificities of their theoretical contributions have been erased under the sexist, Eurocentric orientation of philosophy. Recognition of their existence is a political act that contests the dominant architecture of the history of philosophy. Taking account of Latin American feminist philosophy requires a historical and philosophical reconstruction that understands the fact that women from Latin America and the Caribbean have long been thinkers. Overall women find MA acceptable even though it might not be their first choice if they had the possibility to select between surgical or medical methods. In some cases attempts to terminate pregnancy with misoprostol are not successful and pregnancy continues.

As misoprostol became more widely used the use of highly unsafe and invasive abortion methods gradually became less frequent. Women value the safety and effectiveness of MA as well as the privacy that it allows and the possibility of having their partner, a friend or a person of their choice nearby during the process.

‘An open dialogue about pay can make a huge difference’

Some women seek medical care shortly after bleeding starts, either because they are afraid that something bad will happen to them, or because they were told to do so by the person who instructed them on how to use the medication. In many Latin American countries pharmacies are widely used as a source of medical advice, especially by lower income populations, and women have traditionally resorted to pharmacies in search for drugs to bring on menstruation when they have a delayed menstrual period. Misoprostol is purchased at retail pharmacies either as the entire package or by the pill, usually without prescription despite the fact that government regulations require sale under prescription[11, 20–22, 34]. Pharmacy staff often recommend misoprostol for pregnancy termination but their knowledge about dosage, route of administration, side effects complications and effectiveness is often poor in quality. In these cases, we only selected the information which could shed light on the experience of undergoing a medical abortion.

This report summarizes the profiles, needs and challenges of women entrepreneurs in STEM in Latin America and the Caribbean region. Since the release of IDBs WeGrow 2013, LAC has been witnessing a significant improvement in high-impact women entrepreneurship, with more women entrepreneurs creating and growing companies in STEM areas.

A Woman is a Victim of Femicide in Latin America Every Two Hours.

The letters collected here date from the 4th to the 13th centuries, and they are presented in their original Latin as well as in English translation. The letters are organized by the name and biography of the women writers or recipients. Biographical sketches of the women, descriptions of the subject matter of the letters, and the historical context of the correspondence are included where available. Sandra López Vergès is a Panamanian biochemist with a Ph.D. in Microbiology speciality Virology.

Only a minority of studies include women who completed the MA process alone, without preabortion counseling and/or postabortion care. Adolescent women are underrepresented in the available studies and the experience of those under age 15 is completely absent. We know nothing about women who had failed medical abortions and continued on with their pregnancy, and very little about those who had a legal abortion within the health care system or those who received misoprostol for postabortion care. In addition, most literature comes from large urban settings, and few studies include rural or indigenous women. More and updated scientific evidence on medical abortion in Latin American is needed in order for researchers, activists, policy makers and health care providers to have a better and more comprehensive understanding of its impact on women’s lives and health. The idea that class is a key dimension of women’s lives is one that is rooted in Latin American feminist activisms of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As previously noted in Section 1 , women’s fights for equality of this time were framed in terms of equitable access to social goods (e.g., education).

In several Latin American countries medical abortion has enabled the implementation of harm reduction policies. Based on the right to health, autonomy, confidentiality and information, health professionals provide women with unwanted pregnancies pre-abortion counseling including information on how to self-induce a medical abortion, and postabortion care. Medication is not provided since it would be against the law, women have to obtain it by their own means. Medical abortion has radically changed abortion practices worldwide, and particularly in legally restricted contexts. Women can now access a non-invasive, safe and effective method, which is more affordable than https://gardeniaweddingcinema.com/latin-women/ surgical methods and does not require third party participation in the procedure. In Latin America women have been using misoprostol for self-induced home abortions for over two decades.

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If you were to accept everything you heard about Latinas, you might think they were scheming and hypersexual, yet socially conservative women whose “equal educational opportunities” and “competitive purchasing power” signify their “arrival.” Santos, who is the co-CEO of #WeAllGrow Latina, a lifestyle brand and online community that connects Latinas with career resources, didn’t realize she was being paid unfairly until another woman of color saw Santos’ pay stub on her desk and alerted her of the discrepancy. Bleeding usually starts few hours after the first dose and is most abundant at 6 to 12 hours after insertion but can also take much longer.

However, it also reflected the genesis of Latin American feminist ideas in women’s political activism. So, although mired in conflict, the Encuentros signaled the intimate ties between ideas regarding gender struggle and the political conditions that give rise to those ideas.

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